The popular term “rheumatism” describes joint pain, regardless of age-related degenerative wear and tear or inflammatory disease of the rheumatic type.Rheumatoid arthritis in hand is a long-term joint inflammatory disease that causes the joint’s lining(synovium) to swell, pain and lose its functionality over time. It is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. Through a thorough physical and diagnostic evaluation, Prof Dr Robert Hierner, Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor in Dubai is one of the best hand specialist in Dubai for arthritis and joint pain, suggests the best treatment method.
Why do rheumatoid diseases develop in hands?
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect the synovial membrane of all joints. The hands have many joint nodes; hence, rheumatoid disease has equal chances of affecting the hands. Typically, finger joint nodes swell, distort and constrict.
“Crocked fingers and wrist” are usual signs of rheumatoid hands. They occur from two major causes:
- Age– Ageing causes degeneration of connective tissues or joints. As a result, the bones become undernourished, causing joint inflammation or rheumatoid arthritis in joints.
- Systemic inflammatory diseases (Rheumatoid diseases)- Some autoimmune disorders may lead to deterioration of synovium connective tissues much earlier than old age. As a result, the joints inflame, and fingers contort, signifying the onset of rheumatoid arthritis in the hands.
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Which hand parts are affected by rheumatoid diseases?
The popular term “rheumatism” is a collective term for many systemic inflammatory (autoimmune) diseases that can also manifest themselves in the hand and wrist area.
Over time, rheumatoid arthritis affects the following parts of the hands:
- Wrist joint
- Metacarpal joints
- Metacarpophalangeal Joint (MCPJ) – condyloid joints between the metacarpal and proximal phalanx.
- Interphalangeal Joints – between the phalanges
- Proximal Interphalangeal Joints (PIPJ)
- Distal Interphalangeal Joints (DIPJ)
What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in the finger, thumbs and wrist?
- Swollen finger nodules
- Joint pain in finger nodules
- Symmetrical inflammation
- Stiff finger, thumb or wrist joint
- Contorted fingers
- Restricted grip function
- Pain and stiffness.
What are the consequences of rheumatoid diseases on the hand?
Depending on the damage, the two basic hand functions are impaired to different degrees:
sensory functions (tactile gnosis).
Disturbances in the thumb or fingers can make grip formations difficult.
The swellings and axial deviations also lead to a significant change in the shape of the hand with clear aesthetic restrictions.
How can you treat the rheumatoid hand?
Rheumatoid Hand lesions need a full rheumatological workup. In principle, the systemic disease must be controlled as much as possible. For hand treatment, conservative therapy (physiotherapy, occupational therapy), radiotherapy, and surgical therapy are chosen individually.
Prof Dr Robert Hierner is a highly experienced and elite hand surgeon in Dubai. Depending on the extent of progression of rheumatoid disease in the hands, which is based on a thorough diagnosis, the best treatment plan is decided by him.
This patient information only gives a general introduction for a better understanding of aesthetic and medical surgeries. It cannot replace the personal and detailed doctor-patient discussion. To answer your questions about your personal, individual situation, arrange your non-binding personal consultation appointment.